Archives

Coal Dump

Coal Bed Methane Market by Technology Geography Application Regulation Market Trends and Global For

Coal bed methane (CBM) is an unconventional natural gas found adsorbed in coal seams. It is primarily extracted from bituminous and sub-bituminous coals. The gas is stored in the coal matrix through adsorption. Coal seam methane can be extracted before, during, or after coal mining operations take place; based on which it can be classified as CBM, coal mine methane (CMM) or abandoned mine methane (AMM). In this report
Coal bed methane market
, we have only covered CBM. In Australia, the methane thus extracted is called coal seam gas (CSG). The top six countries with the largest CBM resources are Russia, China, U.S., Canada, Indonesia, and Australia.

CBM can be used as a substitute for conventional natural gas in a wide variety of consumer and industrial applications. The porosity of coal bed reservoirs is usually very small, ranging from 0.1 to 10%. Coal bed methane is used to heat homes, propel vehicles, generate electricity and as feedstock in industries, such as for the manufacture of ethylene. The widely used technology for CBM production is multistage hydraulic fracturing combined with horizontal drilling. The report covers the trends and forecasts for 2009-2011, 2016 and 2021 in terms of production and consumption of CBM, along with production costs and average selling prices, and regulations affecting the sector in key geographies. As of 2010, CBM is mostly exploited in North America and Australia, with pilot production planned in China, India, and Indonesia.

Browse All:
Energy Market

Currently, horizontal drilling, combined with hydraulic fracturing is the predominant technology used for CBM extraction. The combination of these technologies has played a key role in increasing the production of unconventional gas in North America. However, some concerns have been raised regarding these technologies. A typical CBM well utilizes about thousands of gallons of water per day, and a CBM well’s life can be as long as 50 years. In addition, the water used in the hydraulic fracturing is said to contain chemical additives; which may sometimes leach into underground water resources through permeable rock pores. The fracturing fluid injected into deep rock formations may sometimes return to the surface. Such fluids may contain significant amounts of hazardous chemicals, including benzene, toluene, and glycol ethers, which can cause health disorders.

Total costs of the well vary with geologic rock formations and depth of the coal seam. Enhanced Coal Bed Methane (ECBM, currently in the pilot testing phase) could affect CBM economics by enhancing methane flow and providing operators an opportunity to earn carbon credits.

This report estimates the CBM market size in terms of volumes and value. The market has been further segmented on the basis of applications such as commercial, and industrial, as well as by technologies such as hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling. The details are given for major regions and key countries in those regions. Market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities and challenges have been discussed in detail. Market players are also entailed in the report. We have also profiled leading players of this industry including BG Group, Origin Energy, Santos, and others.

Related Reports:

China coal mining and washing industry, 2011 - http://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/55387-china-coal-mining-and-washing-industry-2011.html

Global Coal Acquisitions and Imports: Opportunities and Sustainability Assessment for India - http://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/80778-global-coal-acquisitions-and-imports-opportunities-and-sustainab.html

Find Coal Dump On eBay Below:

American Flyer LTI Southern Operating Coal Dump Car 49035
American Flyer LTI Southern Operating Coal Dump Car 49035
$10.49
Lionel American Flyer XA12C196 6 49047 CP Rail Coal Dump BODY ONLY NOS PART EX
Lionel American Flyer XA12C196 6 49047 CP Rail Coal Dump BODY ONLY NOS PART EX
$28.75
AMERICAN FLYER OPERATING COAL DUMP CAR 719
AMERICAN FLYER OPERATING COAL DUMP CAR 719
$55.00
American Flyer XA1 TRAY DB S Dark Blue Dump Tray for Log Pipe and Coal Dumps
American Flyer XA1 TRAY DB S Dark Blue Dump Tray for Log Pipe and Coal Dumps
$10.59
American Flyer XA1 TRAY B S Black Dump Tray for Log Pipe and Coal Dumps
American Flyer XA1 TRAY B S Black Dump Tray for Log Pipe and Coal Dumps
$8.39
AMERICAN FLYER LINES CBQ 719 Unpainted Operating COAL DUMP CAR C 7 Excellent+
AMERICAN FLYER LINES CBQ 719 Unpainted Operating COAL DUMP CAR C 7 Excellent+
$124.99
American Flyer 6 49056 S Scale Northern Pacific Coal Dump Car
American Flyer 6 49056 S Scale Northern Pacific Coal Dump Car
$89.99
49082 CO Coal Dump Car New In Box
49082 CO Coal Dump Car New In Box
$97.48
American Flyer BLUE metal coal dump bin square vintage odd color 1940s Vintage
American Flyer BLUE metal coal dump bin square vintage odd color 1940s Vintage
$14.95
American Flyer 6 49047 CP Rail automatic coal dump car Canadian Pacific Rd 5522
American Flyer 6 49047 CP Rail automatic coal dump car Canadian Pacific Rd 5522
$59.95
LIONEL AMERICAN FLYER CO CENTRAL COAL DUMP CAR S GAUGE train mine 6 49082 NEW
LIONEL AMERICAN FLYER CO CENTRAL COAL DUMP CAR S GAUGE train mine 6 49082 NEW
$39.84
Postwar American Flyer CB  Q Operating Coal Dump Car 919
Postwar American Flyer CB Q Operating Coal Dump Car 919
$69.99
American Flyer Lionel 6 49033 New York Central Coal Dump Car S Scale Model Train
American Flyer Lionel 6 49033 New York Central Coal Dump Car S Scale Model Train
$79.95
Lionel American Flyer CO Central Coal Dump Car  6 49082
Lionel American Flyer CO Central Coal Dump Car 6 49082
$59.88
American Flyer 6 49056 Northern Pacific Coal Dump Car S Gauge NIB
American Flyer 6 49056 Northern Pacific Coal Dump Car S Gauge NIB
$64.99
New American Flyer 9024 090Frame with Trucks for Coal Dump Car
New American Flyer 9024 090Frame with Trucks for Coal Dump Car
$49.00
PLUNGER OPERATING DUMP CARS COAL LOG for AMERICAN FLYER S Gauge Scale Trains
PLUNGER OPERATING DUMP CARS COAL LOG for AMERICAN FLYER S Gauge Scale Trains
$17.98
American Flyer 6 49047 Canadian Pacific Rail Coal Dump Car w Load New In Box C 9
American Flyer 6 49047 Canadian Pacific Rail Coal Dump Car w Load New In Box C 9
$65.99


Recently Purchased Coal Dump:


american flyer lti southern operating coal dump car 49035, american flyer operating coal dump car 719, american flyer 649047 cp rail automatic coal dump car canadian pacific rd 5522, american flyer blue metal coal dump bin square vintage odd color 1940s vintage, american flyer lines cbamp;q 719 unpainted operating coal dump car c7 excellent, american flyer 649056 s scale northern pacific coal dump car, american flyer xa1trayb s black dump tray for log pipe and coal dumps, american flyer xa1traydb s dark blue dump tray for log pipe and coal dumps, lionel american flyer xa12c196 649047 cp rail coal dump body only nos part ex, postwar american flyer cb amp; q operating coal dump car 919, lionel american flyer camp;o central coal dump car s gauge train mine 649082 new, american flyer 649047 canadian pacific rail coal dump car w load new in box c9, american flyer 649056 northern pacific coal dump car s gauge nib, american flyer lionel 649033 new york central coal dump car s scale model train, new american flyer 9024090frame with trucks for coal dump car, 49082 camp;o coal dump car new in box, lionel american flyer camp;o central coal dump car 649082, plunger operating dump cars coal log for american flyer s gauge scale trains



Comments are closed.