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Tender Car

how did people get around in the 1860s?

i cant find out how they got around. please help?

In the 1860s there were four basic means of transportation: by foot, by beast of burden, by train, or by water.

By foot means that people walked or ran from place to place. However, there were some vehicles such as sedan chairs in which the individual was either pulled or carried by someone else. In this case it's still a form of foot travel as it is someone doing the walking to get you from one place to another.

By beast of burden means by either riding an animal or riding in a cart, wagon, or carriage pulled by one or more animals. Generally speaking you'd be looking at horse, ponies, mules, donkeys, and oxen doing the pulling. Though I have read of hitching sheep, goats, and even geese to small child size wagons (and with geese it was really small kids like under five years of age, though geese were uncommon). And of course there were dog sleds which would have been used in the winter months.

By train is itself rather obvious, taking a train to get from place to place. Railroads had becoming the major form of land travel over long distances by the 1860s, allowing people to quickly travel from one city to the next within a short span of time. They also made the delivery of mail to distant locations faster. However, the only locomotives available were steam powered locomotives which required a supply of either lumber or coal and also a supply of water to keep moving. Which meant trains had to stop to take on water every so often or else the boiler on the locomotive could explode from over heating. They also had to stop to take on fuel though with a tender car they could travel further distances before the need for more wood or coal arose than the did for the need for more water.

By water means any kind of water transport. If it's a short distance and people knew how to swim, then it might be swimming. But typically this meant some kind of water craft. A raft, a canoe, a rowboat, a barge, a sail boat, a paddle wheel steamboat (if there were two paddle wheels located on the sides then it was a side wheller), or a ship. Rafts were still commonly used to cross rivers and wide streams at a spot where they couldn't be forded (that is to say where they were shallow enough to wade across) and where no bridge exsisted yet. They also saw use as a way to haul cargo, though they weren't as likely to carry as much cargo as a barge or a steamboat. Steamboats were the major means of moving people and cargo up and down major rivers, though like trains they required fuel and water to move (although they could flow with the current of the river when traveling down stream). Barges on the other hand either had to be pulled by an animal (or maybe a steamboat) or poled by hand (think the gondolas of Venice if you're not sure about poled), though again they could be allowed to flow with the current. Sailboats were actually smaller than ships, thoug unlike most of these depending on their size they might see use on both rivers and seas or oceans. Ships really would have only been able to navigate the deepest rivers and lakes so they would have been used more on the oceans and seas. Sail powered ships were still present, but steampower was fast replacing sail power on the worlds oceans. Side wheelers were common among among steamships (perhaps more so than they were with steamboats), though the screw or propeller was already in exsistence before the 1860s (in fact John Ericsoon of USS Monitor fame had installed his design for twin screws on the USS Princeton in the 1840s, which he had first tried selling to the British Admiralty in the 1830s and they had turned him down. However, most steamships by the 1860s were actually hybrids. That is to say they were both steam and sail powered. As part of their cargo capacity had to be taken up by their own fuel supply, they would take on as little fuel for the steam boilers as they could get away with to make more room for cargo and then use their steam engines sparingly so they didn't burn through their fuel too fast. It would therefore be used when they either needed speed or there was too great a lull in the wind and they needed to make a deadline.

Find Tender Car On eBay Below:

Vintage O Scale Lionel Rio Grande Black Tender Car LOOK
Vintage O Scale Lionel Rio Grande Black Tender Car LOOK
$18.00
MTH CSX Fuel Tender Tank Car
MTH CSX Fuel Tender Tank Car
$22.95
Vintage 1950s O Scale Lionel 1689 T Tin Tender Car LOOK
Vintage 1950s O Scale Lionel 1689 T Tin Tender Car LOOK
$18.00
Lionel O Gauge Train Set 565 Steam Locomotive with Tender  2 Cars
Lionel O Gauge Train Set 565 Steam Locomotive with Tender 2 Cars
$39.78
MTH Electric Trains Rail King New York Central Crane Tender Car 30 7912 NYC X27
MTH Electric Trains Rail King New York Central Crane Tender Car 30 7912 NYC X27
$43.95
Lionel Red Caboose  Lionel Lines Coal Tender Car Plus 4 Lionel Tracks
Lionel Red Caboose Lionel Lines Coal Tender Car Plus 4 Lionel Tracks
$28.00
LIONEL PREWAR STEAM STYLE PASSENGER SET O GA 259 ENGINE WITH TENDER
LIONEL PREWAR STEAM STYLE PASSENGER SET O GA 259 ENGINE WITH TENDER
$135.00
3 Vintage Train Cars Baby Ruty 5324 VGN 2610  Penn Central Tender 027 Gauge
3 Vintage Train Cars Baby Ruty 5324 VGN 2610 Penn Central Tender 027 Gauge
$9.95
K Line 0 Scale Yuengling Loco  Tender 1829 + 5 Passenger Cars Limited Edition
K Line 0 Scale Yuengling Loco Tender 1829 + 5 Passenger Cars Limited Edition
$585.00
Lot Of Lionel O Gauge Train Cars Hoppers Flat Coal and Tender
Lot Of Lionel O Gauge Train Cars Hoppers Flat Coal and Tender
$39.95
8 Pcs Lionel Freight Cars Eng TenderCrane TenderFlatbedGondolaCaboose etc
8 Pcs Lionel Freight Cars Eng TenderCrane TenderFlatbedGondolaCaboose etc
$29.00
Lionel Lines Coal Tender Car
Lionel Lines Coal Tender Car
$5.99
Vintage Hafner Tinplate Streamline Steam Engine  Tender with Hopper car  Track
Vintage Hafner Tinplate Streamline Steam Engine Tender with Hopper car Track
$24.95
Lionel 8902 Loco and Tender Central Gulf Gondola Car and 9341 Caboose
Lionel 8902 Loco and Tender Central Gulf Gondola Car and 9341 Caboose
$49.95
MTH CONRAIL WORK CRANE TENDER CAR TRAIN ROLLING STOCK
MTH CONRAIL WORK CRANE TENDER CAR TRAIN ROLLING STOCK
$20.50
MTH 30 79026 American Steel Crane Tender Car in original box
MTH 30 79026 American Steel Crane Tender Car in original box
$28.95
Vintage Lionel Tender Lionel Lines Train Car
Vintage Lionel Tender Lionel Lines Train Car
$9.99
MTH C  O CRANE TENDER CAR TRAIN ROLLING STOCK IN BOX
MTH C O CRANE TENDER CAR TRAIN ROLLING STOCK IN BOX
$20.00
Lionel O Scale Rio Grande Black Coal Tender Car Vintage
Lionel O Scale Rio Grande Black Coal Tender Car Vintage
$20.00
Marx Pre War 7 car freight set w box 396 copper engine  tender cardstock insert
Marx Pre War 7 car freight set w box 396 copper engine tender cardstock insert
$229.95
VINTAGE LIONEL LINES TIN BOX CAR TENDER RR TRAIN CAR ALL METAL
VINTAGE LIONEL LINES TIN BOX CAR TENDER RR TRAIN CAR ALL METAL
$16.99
RAIL KING NEW YORK TRANSIT CRANE TENDER CAR
RAIL KING NEW YORK TRANSIT CRANE TENDER CAR
$29.99
LIONEL PREWAR TENDER PLUS OTHER CARS FOR PARTS OR RESTORE
LIONEL PREWAR TENDER PLUS OTHER CARS FOR PARTS OR RESTORE
$9.95
VINTAGE O GAUGE LIONEL SCOUT BLACK TENDER ORIGINAL PAINT NEEDS TRUCKS SOLID CAR
VINTAGE O GAUGE LIONEL SCOUT BLACK TENDER ORIGINAL PAINT NEEDS TRUCKS SOLID CAR
$3.95
Vintage Lionel Train 2046W Tender Lionel Lines 4 Wheel Coal Supply Car
Vintage Lionel Train 2046W Tender Lionel Lines 4 Wheel Coal Supply Car
$20.00
LIONEL 2055 LOCO AND TENDER + CARS
LIONEL 2055 LOCO AND TENDER + CARS
$120.00
LIONEL 2055  TENDER + CARS
LIONEL 2055 TENDER + CARS
$120.00
Lionel Postwar 6466WX TENDER CAR EXCELLENT CONDITION
Lionel Postwar 6466WX TENDER CAR EXCELLENT CONDITION
$20.56
VINTAGE LIONEL 2065 LOCOMOTIVE TENDER TRAIN SET W 6 CARS  BOXES
VINTAGE LIONEL 2065 LOCOMOTIVE TENDER TRAIN SET W 6 CARS BOXES
$77.00
VINTAGE TIN LITHO MARX BROS TRAIN CAR O SCALE O GAUGE UNION PACIFIC COAL TENDER
VINTAGE TIN LITHO MARX BROS TRAIN CAR O SCALE O GAUGE UNION PACIFIC COAL TENDER
$24.99
LIONEL 2055 LOCO TENDER AND CARS
LIONEL 2055 LOCO TENDER AND CARS
$120.00
MTH Rail King 30 7928 30 7939 RK Operating Crane  Tender Cars NIB FREE SHIPPING
MTH Rail King 30 7928 30 7939 RK Operating Crane Tender Cars NIB FREE SHIPPING
$59.99
MTH Railking Western Maryland Crane Tender Car 30 79293 O Gauge
MTH Railking Western Maryland Crane Tender Car 30 79293 O Gauge
$50.00
MTH Railking O Scale CO Chesapeake  Ohio Crane Tender Car 30 79324
MTH Railking O Scale CO Chesapeake Ohio Crane Tender Car 30 79324
$50.00
MTH Railking O Trains CN Canadian National Crane Tender Car 30 79366
MTH Railking O Trains CN Canadian National Crane Tender Car 30 79366
$43.00
Vintage 1950s Marx Train SetBox666 LocomotiveTender3 CarsPower PackTrack
Vintage 1950s Marx Train SetBox666 LocomotiveTender3 CarsPower PackTrack
$35.00
MTH 30 79462 Crane Tender Car NASA Car No 115
MTH 30 79462 Crane Tender Car NASA Car No 115
$52.95
Marx Prewar 391 Engine Tender And 7 Cars
Marx Prewar 391 Engine Tender And 7 Cars
$175.00
O SCALE POLAR EXPRESS LOCO TENDER car
O SCALE POLAR EXPRESS LOCO TENDER car
$99.00
Vintage Lionel O Gauge Tender with whistle 2671W 6 New York Central Coal Car
Vintage Lionel O Gauge Tender with whistle 2671W 6 New York Central Coal Car
$21.50


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