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Tender Car

how did people get around in the 1860s?

i cant find out how they got around. please help?

In the 1860s there were four basic means of transportation: by foot, by beast of burden, by train, or by water.

By foot means that people walked or ran from place to place. However, there were some vehicles such as sedan chairs in which the individual was either pulled or carried by someone else. In this case it's still a form of foot travel as it is someone doing the walking to get you from one place to another.

By beast of burden means by either riding an animal or riding in a cart, wagon, or carriage pulled by one or more animals. Generally speaking you'd be looking at horse, ponies, mules, donkeys, and oxen doing the pulling. Though I have read of hitching sheep, goats, and even geese to small child size wagons (and with geese it was really small kids like under five years of age, though geese were uncommon). And of course there were dog sleds which would have been used in the winter months.

By train is itself rather obvious, taking a train to get from place to place. Railroads had becoming the major form of land travel over long distances by the 1860s, allowing people to quickly travel from one city to the next within a short span of time. They also made the delivery of mail to distant locations faster. However, the only locomotives available were steam powered locomotives which required a supply of either lumber or coal and also a supply of water to keep moving. Which meant trains had to stop to take on water every so often or else the boiler on the locomotive could explode from over heating. They also had to stop to take on fuel though with a tender car they could travel further distances before the need for more wood or coal arose than the did for the need for more water.

By water means any kind of water transport. If it's a short distance and people knew how to swim, then it might be swimming. But typically this meant some kind of water craft. A raft, a canoe, a rowboat, a barge, a sail boat, a paddle wheel steamboat (if there were two paddle wheels located on the sides then it was a side wheller), or a ship. Rafts were still commonly used to cross rivers and wide streams at a spot where they couldn't be forded (that is to say where they were shallow enough to wade across) and where no bridge exsisted yet. They also saw use as a way to haul cargo, though they weren't as likely to carry as much cargo as a barge or a steamboat. Steamboats were the major means of moving people and cargo up and down major rivers, though like trains they required fuel and water to move (although they could flow with the current of the river when traveling down stream). Barges on the other hand either had to be pulled by an animal (or maybe a steamboat) or poled by hand (think the gondolas of Venice if you're not sure about poled), though again they could be allowed to flow with the current. Sailboats were actually smaller than ships, thoug unlike most of these depending on their size they might see use on both rivers and seas or oceans. Ships really would have only been able to navigate the deepest rivers and lakes so they would have been used more on the oceans and seas. Sail powered ships were still present, but steampower was fast replacing sail power on the worlds oceans. Side wheelers were common among among steamships (perhaps more so than they were with steamboats), though the screw or propeller was already in exsistence before the 1860s (in fact John Ericsoon of USS Monitor fame had installed his design for twin screws on the USS Princeton in the 1840s, which he had first tried selling to the British Admiralty in the 1830s and they had turned him down. However, most steamships by the 1860s were actually hybrids. That is to say they were both steam and sail powered. As part of their cargo capacity had to be taken up by their own fuel supply, they would take on as little fuel for the steam boilers as they could get away with to make more room for cargo and then use their steam engines sparingly so they didn't burn through their fuel too fast. It would therefore be used when they either needed speed or there was too great a lull in the wind and they needed to make a deadline.

Find Tender Car On eBay Below:

LIONEL 2 4 0 STEAM FREIGHT SET WITH ENGINE TENDER AND 4 FREIGHT CARS
LIONEL 2 4 0 STEAM FREIGHT SET WITH ENGINE TENDER AND 4 FREIGHT CARS
$34.99
MARX 2 4 2 SOUTHERN PACIFIC LOCO  TENDER  4 CARSSMOKES BUT DOES NOT RUN
MARX 2 4 2 SOUTHERN PACIFIC LOCO TENDER 4 CARSSMOKES BUT DOES NOT RUN
$36.00
MTH RAIL KING 30 79523 BUFFALO  PITTSBURGH CRANE TENDER CAR NEW IN BOX O SCALE
MTH RAIL KING 30 79523 BUFFALO PITTSBURGH CRANE TENDER CAR NEW IN BOX O SCALE
$50.00
Lionel trains engine locomotive 18602 with tender and 3 cars 16375 26549 36098
Lionel trains engine locomotive 18602 with tender and 3 cars 16375 26549 36098
$99.95
Pre War Lionel O Scale Metal Lionel Lines Tender Car
Pre War Lionel O Scale Metal Lionel Lines Tender Car
$13.99
O Scale Lionel Lot of 4 Cars Caboose Tender with Boxes
O Scale Lionel Lot of 4 Cars Caboose Tender with Boxes
$12.00
30 79572 AND 30 79573 CSX Crane Car and Tender MTH Railking O O27 NIB
30 79572 AND 30 79573 CSX Crane Car and Tender MTH Railking O O27 NIB
$134.90
VINTAGE MARX TRAIN ENGINE PRE WAR  COAL TENDER CAR NEW YORK CENTRAL 0 GUAGE
VINTAGE MARX TRAIN ENGINE PRE WAR COAL TENDER CAR NEW YORK CENTRAL 0 GUAGE
$49.99
VINTAGE MARX O GAUGE NEW YORK CENTRAL COAL TENDER TRAIN CAR
VINTAGE MARX O GAUGE NEW YORK CENTRAL COAL TENDER TRAIN CAR
$15.00
Vintage 1955 Wyandotte Railway Rail Lines Tin Wind Up Engine Tender Cars Train
Vintage 1955 Wyandotte Railway Rail Lines Tin Wind Up Engine Tender Cars Train
$145.00
LIONEL POST WAR PART LOT CARS TENDER BODY PLUS MORE H
LIONEL POST WAR PART LOT CARS TENDER BODY PLUS MORE H
$9.95
Marx Group Of 6 inch Litho Tenders And Cars 4 Pc O Gauge X5875
Marx Group Of 6 inch Litho Tenders And Cars 4 Pc O Gauge X5875
$19.99
Vintage 1960s O Scale Marx 490 Locomotive with NYC Tender Car
Vintage 1960s O Scale Marx 490 Locomotive with NYC Tender Car
$24.00
Vintage 1960s O Scale Marx 490 Locomotive with Penn Central Tender Car
Vintage 1960s O Scale Marx 490 Locomotive with Penn Central Tender Car
$24.00
Prewar American Flyer Blue Streak 1122 Engine  Tender W 4 Car Pass Set
Prewar American Flyer Blue Streak 1122 Engine Tender W 4 Car Pass Set
$89.99
Lot of Postwar Marx trains 7 engines 6 tenders 21 freight cars
Lot of Postwar Marx trains 7 engines 6 tenders 21 freight cars
$56.00
Vintage Lionel Lines Coal Tender Slope Back Car T31
Vintage Lionel Lines Coal Tender Slope Back Car T31
$4.80
OLIONELTENDER NEW YORK CENTRAL FLAT CAR PAINTED RUSTYCUSTOM BOXES COLLECT
OLIONELTENDER NEW YORK CENTRAL FLAT CAR PAINTED RUSTYCUSTOM BOXES COLLECT
$99.00
Vintage Marx New York Central Coal Tender Train Car Black
Vintage Marx New York Central Coal Tender Train Car Black
$19.75
Vintage LIONEL LINES Coal Train Car Tender
Vintage LIONEL LINES Coal Train Car Tender
$50.00
MTH Railking O O27 30 79073 New York Central Crane Tender Car NIB
MTH Railking O O27 30 79073 New York Central Crane Tender Car NIB
$39.95
MTH Railking O O27 30 79488 Penn Central Crane Tender Car NIB
MTH Railking O O27 30 79488 Penn Central Crane Tender Car NIB
$59.95
MTH Railking O O27 30 7939 MTH RRC Crane Tender Car NIB
MTH Railking O O27 30 7939 MTH RRC Crane Tender Car NIB
$39.95
THE MILWAUKEE ROAD BY LIONEL ENGINE + TENDER AND RACE CAR  CABOOSE  U950
THE MILWAUKEE ROAD BY LIONEL ENGINE + TENDER AND RACE CAR CABOOSE U950
$79.00
Vintage Lionel O Scale 1968 TCA Cleveland Convention Tender Car Body
Vintage Lionel O Scale 1968 TCA Cleveland Convention Tender Car Body
$14.99
LIONEL TRAIN SETTENDERBABY RUTH BOX CAR SUNOCO GAS TANK RED CABOOSE+TRAC
LIONEL TRAIN SETTENDERBABY RUTH BOX CAR SUNOCO GAS TANK RED CABOOSE+TRAC
$200.00
MTH RAILKING CRANE  TENDER CARS NYC
MTH RAILKING CRANE TENDER CARS NYC
$69.00
MTH O SCALE FREIGHT CARS GREAT NORTHERN CRANE TENDER  BURLINGTON STEEL CABOOSE
MTH O SCALE FREIGHT CARS GREAT NORTHERN CRANE TENDER BURLINGTON STEEL CABOOSE
$29.99
LIONEL X1110 LOCOMOTIVE WITH TENDER FREIGHT CARS
LIONEL X1110 LOCOMOTIVE WITH TENDER FREIGHT CARS
$75.00
Lionel Postwar set  2037 loco 243W tender W 4 freight cars C 7+ original boxes
Lionel Postwar set 2037 loco 243W tender W 4 freight cars C 7+ original boxes
$249.00
fleischmann o gauge gfn 1949 dc voltage freight and passenger cars engine tender
fleischmann o gauge gfn 1949 dc voltage freight and passenger cars engine tender
$700.00
Lionel Lines Whistle Tender Car 6654W O Scale
Lionel Lines Whistle Tender Car 6654W O Scale
$19.99
Lionel 6 8610 Wabash Fallen Flags 1 4 6 2 Steam Loco  Tender w 6 Car Set
Lionel 6 8610 Wabash Fallen Flags 1 4 6 2 Steam Loco Tender w 6 Car Set
$609.00
O LIONEL PREWAR TIN PLATE 1664E ENGINE TENDER FREIGHT CARS NICEW007
O LIONEL PREWAR TIN PLATE 1664E ENGINE TENDER FREIGHT CARS NICEW007
$99.54
LIONEL O GAUGE SCALE MODEL TRAINS HUGE LOT FREIGHT CARS HOPPERS TENDERS X7
LIONEL O GAUGE SCALE MODEL TRAINS HUGE LOT FREIGHT CARS HOPPERS TENDERS X7
$39.99
Vintage Marx 0 Scale Coal Car Tender 551 Tin New York Central Two Rail
Vintage Marx 0 Scale Coal Car Tender 551 Tin New York Central Two Rail
$7.99
Vintage 1930s 40s Marx New York C Train Wedge Tender Car  Very Good Condition
Vintage 1930s 40s Marx New York C Train Wedge Tender Car Very Good Condition
$24.99
LIONEL TRAINS PREWAR 7100WX 204 LOCO AND TENDER WITH 3 ROLLING STOCK CARS SET
LIONEL TRAINS PREWAR 7100WX 204 LOCO AND TENDER WITH 3 ROLLING STOCK CARS SET
$275.00
VINTAGE Lionel LINES 258T Pre War tender CAR O gauge NICE CONDITION
VINTAGE Lionel LINES 258T Pre War tender CAR O gauge NICE CONDITION
$15.00
Marx Prewar 391 Engine Tender And 7 Cars
Marx Prewar 391 Engine Tender And 7 Cars
$174.99


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