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Tender Car

how did people get around in the 1860s?

i cant find out how they got around. please help?

In the 1860s there were four basic means of transportation: by foot, by beast of burden, by train, or by water.

By foot means that people walked or ran from place to place. However, there were some vehicles such as sedan chairs in which the individual was either pulled or carried by someone else. In this case it's still a form of foot travel as it is someone doing the walking to get you from one place to another.

By beast of burden means by either riding an animal or riding in a cart, wagon, or carriage pulled by one or more animals. Generally speaking you'd be looking at horse, ponies, mules, donkeys, and oxen doing the pulling. Though I have read of hitching sheep, goats, and even geese to small child size wagons (and with geese it was really small kids like under five years of age, though geese were uncommon). And of course there were dog sleds which would have been used in the winter months.

By train is itself rather obvious, taking a train to get from place to place. Railroads had becoming the major form of land travel over long distances by the 1860s, allowing people to quickly travel from one city to the next within a short span of time. They also made the delivery of mail to distant locations faster. However, the only locomotives available were steam powered locomotives which required a supply of either lumber or coal and also a supply of water to keep moving. Which meant trains had to stop to take on water every so often or else the boiler on the locomotive could explode from over heating. They also had to stop to take on fuel though with a tender car they could travel further distances before the need for more wood or coal arose than the did for the need for more water.

By water means any kind of water transport. If it's a short distance and people knew how to swim, then it might be swimming. But typically this meant some kind of water craft. A raft, a canoe, a rowboat, a barge, a sail boat, a paddle wheel steamboat (if there were two paddle wheels located on the sides then it was a side wheller), or a ship. Rafts were still commonly used to cross rivers and wide streams at a spot where they couldn't be forded (that is to say where they were shallow enough to wade across) and where no bridge exsisted yet. They also saw use as a way to haul cargo, though they weren't as likely to carry as much cargo as a barge or a steamboat. Steamboats were the major means of moving people and cargo up and down major rivers, though like trains they required fuel and water to move (although they could flow with the current of the river when traveling down stream). Barges on the other hand either had to be pulled by an animal (or maybe a steamboat) or poled by hand (think the gondolas of Venice if you're not sure about poled), though again they could be allowed to flow with the current. Sailboats were actually smaller than ships, thoug unlike most of these depending on their size they might see use on both rivers and seas or oceans. Ships really would have only been able to navigate the deepest rivers and lakes so they would have been used more on the oceans and seas. Sail powered ships were still present, but steampower was fast replacing sail power on the worlds oceans. Side wheelers were common among among steamships (perhaps more so than they were with steamboats), though the screw or propeller was already in exsistence before the 1860s (in fact John Ericsoon of USS Monitor fame had installed his design for twin screws on the USS Princeton in the 1840s, which he had first tried selling to the British Admiralty in the 1830s and they had turned him down. However, most steamships by the 1860s were actually hybrids. That is to say they were both steam and sail powered. As part of their cargo capacity had to be taken up by their own fuel supply, they would take on as little fuel for the steam boilers as they could get away with to make more room for cargo and then use their steam engines sparingly so they didn't burn through their fuel too fast. It would therefore be used when they either needed speed or there was too great a lull in the wind and they needed to make a deadline.

Find Tender Car On eBay Below:

MTH 20 98239 ATSF Crane Tender Car
MTH 20 98239 ATSF Crane Tender Car
$45.00
Vintage MARX Electric Train Engine 999 w New York Central Tender
Vintage MARX Electric Train Engine 999 w New York Central Tender
$85.00
LIONEL 1655 LOCOMOTIVE and TENDER CAR SET
LIONEL 1655 LOCOMOTIVE and TENDER CAR SET
$32.99
LIONEL 1688E LOCOMOTIVE  TENDER CAR
LIONEL 1688E LOCOMOTIVE TENDER CAR
$79.99
LIONEL 1423 O GAUGE SET FEATURING 1655 LOCO TENDER  CARS MADE 1948 ONLY
LIONEL 1423 O GAUGE SET FEATURING 1655 LOCO TENDER CARS MADE 1948 ONLY
$95.00
AMERICAN FLYER LINES READING LINES 21100 STEAM ENGINE TENDER CAR
AMERICAN FLYER LINES READING LINES 21100 STEAM ENGINE TENDER CAR
$10.99
VINTAGE MARX TIN O SCALE NEW YORK CENTRAL NYC 551 COAL TENDER CAR USA VG
VINTAGE MARX TIN O SCALE NEW YORK CENTRAL NYC 551 COAL TENDER CAR USA VG
$3.99
Lionel 8142 Locomotive and Lionel Lines Coal Tender Car Vintage O Gauge Scale
Lionel 8142 Locomotive and Lionel Lines Coal Tender Car Vintage O Gauge Scale
$15.99
RARE PREWAR 1930s LIONEL 0 GAUGE 262E2 4 2 LOCOMOTIVE262T TENDER +3 CARS C 7
RARE PREWAR 1930s LIONEL 0 GAUGE 262E2 4 2 LOCOMOTIVE262T TENDER +3 CARS C 7
$295.00
MTH O scale crane tender car  30 79109 NIB Caterpiller
MTH O scale crane tender car 30 79109 NIB Caterpiller
$40.00
MARX TRAIN BLACK SANTA FE COAL CAR TENDER  O O27 GAUGE LOOK
MARX TRAIN BLACK SANTA FE COAL CAR TENDER O O27 GAUGE LOOK
$14.99
Vintage Lionel 1950s O27 Gauge 6466T Coal Tender Toy Train Car
Vintage Lionel 1950s O27 Gauge 6466T Coal Tender Toy Train Car
$9.99
Vintage Toy Train Coal Tender Wyandotte Rail Lines Metal Car
Vintage Toy Train Coal Tender Wyandotte Rail Lines Metal Car
$4.99
Precision Scale O Brass Parts Tender and Car Brake Lever Set 4024
Precision Scale O Brass Parts Tender and Car Brake Lever Set 4024
$3.78
5 pieces LIONEL 8632 Steam LOCOMOTIVE Tender CABOOSE  cars New York Central
5 pieces LIONEL 8632 Steam LOCOMOTIVE Tender CABOOSE cars New York Central
$59.99
c1941 Lionel prewar 841W freight set with 224e loco tender 3 cars OB C7
c1941 Lionel prewar 841W freight set with 224e loco tender 3 cars OB C7
$191.38
Vintage Marx Southern Pacific Red Caboose Boxcar Coal Tender Freight Car O Scale
Vintage Marx Southern Pacific Red Caboose Boxcar Coal Tender Freight Car O Scale
$9.99
Lionel 247 Engine Tender and 2 cars with boxes EX Condition
Lionel 247 Engine Tender and 2 cars with boxes EX Condition
$79.99
Vintage New York Central Tender Coal Car O Gauge Scale Train
Vintage New York Central Tender Coal Car O Gauge Scale Train
$13.00
LIONEL COAL TENDER TRAIN CAR
LIONEL COAL TENDER TRAIN CAR
$29.99
Prewar American Flyer 556 engine Tender Cars No 494 495 495 Navy
Prewar American Flyer 556 engine Tender Cars No 494 495 495 Navy
$109.50
Prewar American Flyer 3308 Locomotive  Tender w 3 Freight Cars 3212 3208 3211
Prewar American Flyer 3308 Locomotive Tender w 3 Freight Cars 3212 3208 3211
$99.99
MTH NEW YORK CENTRAL CRANE TENDER CAR BRAND NEW NEVER BEEN RAN
MTH NEW YORK CENTRAL CRANE TENDER CAR BRAND NEW NEVER BEEN RAN
$18.00
Vintage LIonel Post War Train Set Locomotive 671 6 8 6 Tender Cars Signals Track
Vintage LIonel Post War Train Set Locomotive 671 6 8 6 Tender Cars Signals Track
$80.00
8 PC LOT O SCALE LIONEL TRAIN CARS 8602 ENGINE TENDER CABOOSE GONDOLA
8 PC LOT O SCALE LIONEL TRAIN CARS 8602 ENGINE TENDER CABOOSE GONDOLA
$49.00
LIONEL POSTWAR 2046 4 6 4 HUDSON w 6466W TENDER and 2 FREIGHT CARS
LIONEL POSTWAR 2046 4 6 4 HUDSON w 6466W TENDER and 2 FREIGHT CARS
$71.00
RARE Vintage 1950s O Scale Lionel 1666 T Marbled Plastic Tender Car Shell 4
RARE Vintage 1950s O Scale Lionel 1666 T Marbled Plastic Tender Car Shell 4
$130.00
2 TRAIN CARS Lionel O SCALE METAL PLASTIC CABOOSE TENDER COAL 21N3
2 TRAIN CARS Lionel O SCALE METAL PLASTIC CABOOSE TENDER COAL 21N3
$27.99
LOT 4 LIONEL PREWAR 2679 BABY RUTH CAR 807 2 CABOOSE LIONEL LINES TENDER
LOT 4 LIONEL PREWAR 2679 BABY RUTH CAR 807 2 CABOOSE LIONEL LINES TENDER
$10.00
MTH 30 7913 Northern Pacific Crane Tender Car w Box
MTH 30 7913 Northern Pacific Crane Tender Car w Box
$9.50
Marx New York Central Tin Tender Car black
Marx New York Central Tin Tender Car black
$7.50
Scarce Vintage Hoge Stream Line 1000 Train Tender Car Only
Scarce Vintage Hoge Stream Line 1000 Train Tender Car Only
$99.95
LIONEL RED SOX Steam Berkshire Locomotive Whistle Tender Passenger Car Train Set
LIONEL RED SOX Steam Berkshire Locomotive Whistle Tender Passenger Car Train Set
$119.99
1949 Lionel 1451 WS Set Praire Steam 2026 Locomotive  Tender4cars  track
1949 Lionel 1451 WS Set Praire Steam 2026 Locomotive Tender4cars track
$395.00
LIONEL 6 1351 BO SET 8315 STEAMER Tender 7215  7216 7217 PASS CARS
LIONEL 6 1351 BO SET 8315 STEAMER Tender 7215 7216 7217 PASS CARS
$100.00
LIONEL SET 1612  WESTERN  ATLANTIC W  ARR TENDER AND 1865 PASSENGER CAR
LIONEL SET 1612 WESTERN ATLANTIC W ARR TENDER AND 1865 PASSENGER CAR
$55.00
Marx Electric Steam Loco tender 3 Freight cars
Marx Electric Steam Loco tender 3 Freight cars
$27.95
Marx Wind Up Locomotive and 3 Cars 2 Tenders 1 Freight
Marx Wind Up Locomotive and 3 Cars 2 Tenders 1 Freight
$9.99
MTH Train O Scale Pennsylvania Tender Crane Car 30 79327 NIB
MTH Train O Scale Pennsylvania Tender Crane Car 30 79327 NIB
$119.99
Marx THREE Tin Cars 2 Caboose  1 Tender
Marx THREE Tin Cars 2 Caboose 1 Tender
$19.99


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