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Tender Car

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how did people get around in the 1860s?

i cant find out how they got around. please help?

In the 1860s there were four basic means of transportation: by foot, by beast of burden, by train, or by water.

By foot means that people walked or ran from place to place. However, there were some vehicles such as sedan chairs in which the individual was either pulled or carried by someone else. In this case it's still a form of foot travel as it is someone doing the walking to get you from one place to another.

By beast of burden means by either riding an animal or riding in a cart, wagon, or carriage pulled by one or more animals. Generally speaking you'd be looking at horse, ponies, mules, donkeys, and oxen doing the pulling. Though I have read of hitching sheep, goats, and even geese to small child size wagons (and with geese it was really small kids like under five years of age, though geese were uncommon). And of course there were dog sleds which would have been used in the winter months.

By train is itself rather obvious, taking a train to get from place to place. Railroads had becoming the major form of land travel over long distances by the 1860s, allowing people to quickly travel from one city to the next within a short span of time. They also made the delivery of mail to distant locations faster. However, the only locomotives available were steam powered locomotives which required a supply of either lumber or coal and also a supply of water to keep moving. Which meant trains had to stop to take on water every so often or else the boiler on the locomotive could explode from over heating. They also had to stop to take on fuel though with a tender car they could travel further distances before the need for more wood or coal arose than the did for the need for more water.

By water means any kind of water transport. If it's a short distance and people knew how to swim, then it might be swimming. But typically this meant some kind of water craft. A raft, a canoe, a rowboat, a barge, a sail boat, a paddle wheel steamboat (if there were two paddle wheels located on the sides then it was a side wheller), or a ship. Rafts were still commonly used to cross rivers and wide streams at a spot where they couldn't be forded (that is to say where they were shallow enough to wade across) and where no bridge exsisted yet. They also saw use as a way to haul cargo, though they weren't as likely to carry as much cargo as a barge or a steamboat. Steamboats were the major means of moving people and cargo up and down major rivers, though like trains they required fuel and water to move (although they could flow with the current of the river when traveling down stream). Barges on the other hand either had to be pulled by an animal (or maybe a steamboat) or poled by hand (think the gondolas of Venice if you're not sure about poled), though again they could be allowed to flow with the current. Sailboats were actually smaller than ships, thoug unlike most of these depending on their size they might see use on both rivers and seas or oceans. Ships really would have only been able to navigate the deepest rivers and lakes so they would have been used more on the oceans and seas. Sail powered ships were still present, but steampower was fast replacing sail power on the worlds oceans. Side wheelers were common among among steamships (perhaps more so than they were with steamboats), though the screw or propeller was already in exsistence before the 1860s (in fact John Ericsoon of USS Monitor fame had installed his design for twin screws on the USS Princeton in the 1840s, which he had first tried selling to the British Admiralty in the 1830s and they had turned him down. However, most steamships by the 1860s were actually hybrids. That is to say they were both steam and sail powered. As part of their cargo capacity had to be taken up by their own fuel supply, they would take on as little fuel for the steam boilers as they could get away with to make more room for cargo and then use their steam engines sparingly so they didn't burn through their fuel too fast. It would therefore be used when they either needed speed or there was too great a lull in the wind and they needed to make a deadline.

Find Tender Car On eBay Below:

LIONEL TRAINS736 LOCOMOTIVE  TENDERFREIGHT CARSORIGINAL SETBOXESBEAUTIFUL
LIONEL TRAINS736 LOCOMOTIVE TENDERFREIGHT CARSORIGINAL SETBOXESBEAUTIFUL
$739.00
LIONEL Prewar Freight Outfit 1688E with Tender Caboose and 3 Cars
LIONEL Prewar Freight Outfit 1688E with Tender Caboose and 3 Cars
$230.00
LIONEL 6 36847 THE POLAR EXPRESS STEAM TRAIN SOUNDS TENDER COAL CAR O GAUGE TOY
LIONEL 6 36847 THE POLAR EXPRESS STEAM TRAIN SOUNDS TENDER COAL CAR O GAUGE TOY
$199.99
Lionel The Black Cave Flyer Train ENGINE TENDER BOX CAR GONDOLA
Lionel The Black Cave Flyer Train ENGINE TENDER BOX CAR GONDOLA
$20.00
Lionel Train Cars X2454 Baby Rut Track Caboose Gondola Tender 2257 2452
Lionel Train Cars X2454 Baby Rut Track Caboose Gondola Tender 2257 2452
$70.39
Lionel trains engine locomotive 18602 with tender and 3 cars 16375 26549 36098
Lionel trains engine locomotive 18602 with tender and 3 cars 16375 26549 36098
$99.95
Ives 257 W 257T Tender 1707 1708 1709  1712 cars
Ives 257 W 257T Tender 1707 1708 1709 1712 cars
$459.00
IVES Rare Set No 11 1908 09 Clockwork Engine and tender 11 Three Cars
IVES Rare Set No 11 1908 09 Clockwork Engine and tender 11 Three Cars
$449.00
MARX ERIE FLAT CAR TYPE F TRUCKS AND BASE TRUCKS FOR NYC TENDER AND OTHERS
MARX ERIE FLAT CAR TYPE F TRUCKS AND BASE TRUCKS FOR NYC TENDER AND OTHERS
$12.95
LIONEL 221 BLACK STEAM ENGINE with 221W TENDERSunoco TankerOpen CarCaboose
LIONEL 221 BLACK STEAM ENGINE with 221W TENDERSunoco TankerOpen CarCaboose
$150.00
Vintage 1955 Wyandotte Railway Rail Lines Tin Wind Up Engine Tender Cars Train
Vintage 1955 Wyandotte Railway Rail Lines Tin Wind Up Engine Tender Cars Train
$145.00
LIONEL Prewar Cars 657 Caboose with Boxend flap missing and 2689TX Tender
LIONEL Prewar Cars 657 Caboose with Boxend flap missing and 2689TX Tender
$13.00
Lionel Trains O gauge Steam Locomotive 242 and Slope Back TenderVintage Cars
Lionel Trains O gauge Steam Locomotive 242 and Slope Back TenderVintage Cars
$29.00
POSTWAR LIONEL 2046 59 TENDER BOX AND LINER NO NO CAR 1950 ONLY SCARCE
POSTWAR LIONEL 2046 59 TENDER BOX AND LINER NO NO CAR 1950 ONLY SCARCE
$16.20
MARX 999 STEAM LOCO W TENDER 4 CARS OVAL OF TRACK  BOX NICE LOT TIN PLATE
MARX 999 STEAM LOCO W TENDER 4 CARS OVAL OF TRACK BOX NICE LOT TIN PLATE
$32.95
Vintage Lionel Locomotive Coal Tender Car ATSF Model Railroad Train
Vintage Lionel Locomotive Coal Tender Car ATSF Model Railroad Train
$10.77
Greenbergs LIONEL PAPER TRAIN Steam Locomotive Engine Tender Box Car NEW MINT
Greenbergs LIONEL PAPER TRAIN Steam Locomotive Engine Tender Box Car NEW MINT
$24.99
LIONEL LINES Coal Train Car Tender Old Vintage No Number
LIONEL LINES Coal Train Car Tender Old Vintage No Number
$29.99
Vintage 1960s O Scale Marx 490 Locomotive with NYC Tender Car
Vintage 1960s O Scale Marx 490 Locomotive with NYC Tender Car
$24.00
Vintage LionelNo 1061 Engine and Tender with Cars Trackand Transformer set
Vintage LionelNo 1061 Engine and Tender with Cars Trackand Transformer set
$450.00
LIONEL LINES 6 36788 LOCOMOTIVE STEAM TRAIN SOUNDS TENDER COAL CAR O GAUGE BELL
LIONEL LINES 6 36788 LOCOMOTIVE STEAM TRAIN SOUNDS TENDER COAL CAR O GAUGE BELL
$119.95
Lionel O 8005 9306 James Gang General Locomotive  ATSF Tenderplus 3 cars
Lionel O 8005 9306 James Gang General Locomotive ATSF Tenderplus 3 cars
$49.99
MTH Railking 30 7913 Northern Pacific Crane Tender Car Nice o
MTH Railking 30 7913 Northern Pacific Crane Tender Car Nice o
$35.00
Vintage LIONEL LINES Coal Train Car Tender
Vintage LIONEL LINES Coal Train Car Tender
$50.00
Marx 6000 Dummy diesel Cable Car Caboose Parts Lot As Is More Listed Tender
Marx 6000 Dummy diesel Cable Car Caboose Parts Lot As Is More Listed Tender
$25.00
THE MILWAUKEE ROAD BY LIONEL ENGINE + TENDER AND RACE CAR  CABOOSE  U950
THE MILWAUKEE ROAD BY LIONEL ENGINE + TENDER AND RACE CAR CABOOSE U950
$79.00
MTH O Scale Premier 20 98391 Bessemer  Lake Erie Crane Tender Car NIB
MTH O Scale Premier 20 98391 Bessemer Lake Erie Crane Tender Car NIB
$63.95
MTH Railking Crane Tender New York Central O O27 NYC Crane Tender Car 30 79073
MTH Railking Crane Tender New York Central O O27 NYC Crane Tender Car 30 79073
$43.95
MTH Railking Crane Tender RRC O O27 Crane Tender Car 30 7939
MTH Railking Crane Tender RRC O O27 Crane Tender Car 30 7939
$43.95
MTH Railking Crane Car and Tender CSX O O27 30 79572 and 30 79573
MTH Railking Crane Car and Tender CSX O O27 30 79572 and 30 79573
$138.90
Lionel Vintage Original Prewar Passenger Cars red 1690 1691 tender coal car too
Lionel Vintage Original Prewar Passenger Cars red 1690 1691 tender coal car too
$75.00
LIONEL TRAIN SETTENDERBABY RUTH BOX CAR SUNOCO GAS TANK RED CABOOSE+TRAC
LIONEL TRAIN SETTENDERBABY RUTH BOX CAR SUNOCO GAS TANK RED CABOOSE+TRAC
$200.00
141W 1940 PREWAR SET ENGINE TENDER CARS AND BOXES W 2 EXTRA CARS VERY NICE
141W 1940 PREWAR SET ENGINE TENDER CARS AND BOXES W 2 EXTRA CARS VERY NICE
$299.00
fleischmann o gauge gfn 1949 dc voltage freight and passenger cars engine tender
fleischmann o gauge gfn 1949 dc voltage freight and passenger cars engine tender
$450.00
Marx Train 3000 Engine Set 3897M With CP Tender and 6 freight cars EC
Marx Train 3000 Engine Set 3897M With CP Tender and 6 freight cars EC
$299.00
Vintage Bing Mechanical Train Set 1 382 6 W Tender and freight cars
Vintage Bing Mechanical Train Set 1 382 6 W Tender and freight cars
$239.00
Lionel TWO prewar Cars 2224 T TENDER 3659 DUMP CAR + MORE
Lionel TWO prewar Cars 2224 T TENDER 3659 DUMP CAR + MORE
$22.00
LIONEL TRAINS PREWAR 7100WX 204 LOCO AND TENDER WITH 3 ROLLING STOCK CARS SET
LIONEL TRAINS PREWAR 7100WX 204 LOCO AND TENDER WITH 3 ROLLING STOCK CARS SET
$275.00
LIONEL TRAIN LINES OPERATING STEAM WHISTLE COAL TENDER CAR W BOX 6 16673
LIONEL TRAIN LINES OPERATING STEAM WHISTLE COAL TENDER CAR W BOX 6 16673
$23.27
Louis Marx  Co Misc 7 Freight Cars 2 Tenders
Louis Marx Co Misc 7 Freight Cars 2 Tenders
$65.00


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