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Tender Car

how did people get around in the 1860s?

i cant find out how they got around. please help?

In the 1860s there were four basic means of transportation: by foot, by beast of burden, by train, or by water.

By foot means that people walked or ran from place to place. However, there were some vehicles such as sedan chairs in which the individual was either pulled or carried by someone else. In this case it's still a form of foot travel as it is someone doing the walking to get you from one place to another.

By beast of burden means by either riding an animal or riding in a cart, wagon, or carriage pulled by one or more animals. Generally speaking you'd be looking at horse, ponies, mules, donkeys, and oxen doing the pulling. Though I have read of hitching sheep, goats, and even geese to small child size wagons (and with geese it was really small kids like under five years of age, though geese were uncommon). And of course there were dog sleds which would have been used in the winter months.

By train is itself rather obvious, taking a train to get from place to place. Railroads had becoming the major form of land travel over long distances by the 1860s, allowing people to quickly travel from one city to the next within a short span of time. They also made the delivery of mail to distant locations faster. However, the only locomotives available were steam powered locomotives which required a supply of either lumber or coal and also a supply of water to keep moving. Which meant trains had to stop to take on water every so often or else the boiler on the locomotive could explode from over heating. They also had to stop to take on fuel though with a tender car they could travel further distances before the need for more wood or coal arose than the did for the need for more water.

By water means any kind of water transport. If it's a short distance and people knew how to swim, then it might be swimming. But typically this meant some kind of water craft. A raft, a canoe, a rowboat, a barge, a sail boat, a paddle wheel steamboat (if there were two paddle wheels located on the sides then it was a side wheller), or a ship. Rafts were still commonly used to cross rivers and wide streams at a spot where they couldn't be forded (that is to say where they were shallow enough to wade across) and where no bridge exsisted yet. They also saw use as a way to haul cargo, though they weren't as likely to carry as much cargo as a barge or a steamboat. Steamboats were the major means of moving people and cargo up and down major rivers, though like trains they required fuel and water to move (although they could flow with the current of the river when traveling down stream). Barges on the other hand either had to be pulled by an animal (or maybe a steamboat) or poled by hand (think the gondolas of Venice if you're not sure about poled), though again they could be allowed to flow with the current. Sailboats were actually smaller than ships, thoug unlike most of these depending on their size they might see use on both rivers and seas or oceans. Ships really would have only been able to navigate the deepest rivers and lakes so they would have been used more on the oceans and seas. Sail powered ships were still present, but steampower was fast replacing sail power on the worlds oceans. Side wheelers were common among among steamships (perhaps more so than they were with steamboats), though the screw or propeller was already in exsistence before the 1860s (in fact John Ericsoon of USS Monitor fame had installed his design for twin screws on the USS Princeton in the 1840s, which he had first tried selling to the British Admiralty in the 1830s and they had turned him down. However, most steamships by the 1860s were actually hybrids. That is to say they were both steam and sail powered. As part of their cargo capacity had to be taken up by their own fuel supply, they would take on as little fuel for the steam boilers as they could get away with to make more room for cargo and then use their steam engines sparingly so they didn't burn through their fuel too fast. It would therefore be used when they either needed speed or there was too great a lull in the wind and they needed to make a deadline.

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AMERICAN FLYER LINES READING LINES 21100 STEAM ENGINE TENDER CAR
AMERICAN FLYER LINES READING LINES 21100 STEAM ENGINE TENDER CAR
$15.99
Vintage American Flyer Locomotive  Tender Freight Set Four Cars Repair Restor
Vintage American Flyer Locomotive Tender Freight Set Four Cars Repair Restor
$29.99
Vintage Lionel Lines Coal Tender Train Car  Locomotive  Penn Central
Vintage Lionel Lines Coal Tender Train Car Locomotive Penn Central
$28.00
PREWAR LIONEL No 259T TENDER COAL CAR  BLACK 4 WHEEL  O GAUGE LOOK
PREWAR LIONEL No 259T TENDER COAL CAR BLACK 4 WHEEL O GAUGE LOOK
$34.99
Lot Lionel 18p Mostly Postwar Trains 8300 Locomotive Tenders Cars 6047 6199 Gate
Lot Lionel 18p Mostly Postwar Trains 8300 Locomotive Tenders Cars 6047 6199 Gate
$17.50
Vintage Lionel Train Lot 7 Cars with Engine 2026 Tender Caboose More
Vintage Lionel Train Lot 7 Cars with Engine 2026 Tender Caboose More
$68.00
American Flyer Vintage Windup Engine AF13 w Tender Mail Car Passenger Car
American Flyer Vintage Windup Engine AF13 w Tender Mail Car Passenger Car
$99.99
LIONEL 224 2 6 2 STEAM ENGINE  2466W WHISTLE TENDER  4 CARS USED
LIONEL 224 2 6 2 STEAM ENGINE 2466W WHISTLE TENDER 4 CARS USED
$60.00
LIONEL 2055 4 6 4 LOCOMOTIVE WITH 2046W TENDER AND 4 CARS
LIONEL 2055 4 6 4 LOCOMOTIVE WITH 2046W TENDER AND 4 CARS
$224.99
Vintage Marx O Gauge New York Central Tender Train Car
Vintage Marx O Gauge New York Central Tender Train Car
$14.99
American Flyer prewar set loco tender  5 freight cars C 7
American Flyer prewar set loco tender 5 freight cars C 7
$153.33
Vintage Lionel Train Set w engine 2020 tender 3462 car 9033 NY central
Vintage Lionel Train Set w engine 2020 tender 3462 car 9033 NY central
$75.00
MARX O Tin Pre War Train Canadian Pacific 3000 Locomotive Tender
MARX O Tin Pre War Train Canadian Pacific 3000 Locomotive Tender
$51.00
LIONEL Post War 8602 Steam Locomotive Rio Grand Tender and 4 Cars
LIONEL Post War 8602 Steam Locomotive Rio Grand Tender and 4 Cars
$74.95
American Flyer Prewar 401 Loco Tender 476 Gondola 478 Box Car 484 caboose
American Flyer Prewar 401 Loco Tender 476 Gondola 478 Box Car 484 caboose
$39.99
MTH RAILKING CRANE  TENDER CARS NYC
MTH RAILKING CRANE TENDER CARS NYC
$79.00
1950s Marx Traiin Set 666 Steam Engine  Tender BM 77003 Boxcar 54099 Stock car
1950s Marx Traiin Set 666 Steam Engine Tender BM 77003 Boxcar 54099 Stock car
$134.95
Lionel 259E Locomotive +Tender  Cars  O  Scale
Lionel 259E Locomotive +Tender Cars O Scale
$79.95
LIONEL 2055 4 6 4 LOCOMOTIVE WITH 6026W TENDER AND 3 CARS S 1
LIONEL 2055 4 6 4 LOCOMOTIVE WITH 6026W TENDER AND 3 CARS S 1
$199.99
LIONEL TRAINS ENGINE 1654 AND TENDER CAR Runs
LIONEL TRAINS ENGINE 1654 AND TENDER CAR Runs
$19.99
VINTAGE POSTWAR LIONEL LINES 6466W TENDER with motor car AS IS
VINTAGE POSTWAR LIONEL LINES 6466W TENDER with motor car AS IS
$9.99
MTH RailKing 30 79441 Lehigh Valley Crane Tender Car 94062 O Gauge Trains
MTH RailKing 30 79441 Lehigh Valley Crane Tender Car 94062 O Gauge Trains
$54.95
LIONEL COAL ROTARY DUMPER PACK train scenery dump tender load hopper 6 16889 NEW
LIONEL COAL ROTARY DUMPER PACK train scenery dump tender load hopper 6 16889 NEW
$13.84
MARX COAL TENDER PENN CENTRAL Good Cond Railroad CAR
MARX COAL TENDER PENN CENTRAL Good Cond Railroad CAR
$7.99
Vintage Pre War Lionel Lines O Gauge Coal Tender Car
Vintage Pre War Lionel Lines O Gauge Coal Tender Car
$18.00
Thomas the Train cars
Thomas the Train cars
$5.00
Lionel 1688 Steam Line 2 4 2 Locomotive with Tender 1689T and 3 cars pre war
Lionel 1688 Steam Line 2 4 2 Locomotive with Tender 1689T and 3 cars pre war
$41.00
LIONEL TRAIN Steam Engine 246 Tender and 3 Cars + Instructions
LIONEL TRAIN Steam Engine 246 Tender and 3 Cars + Instructions
$45.00
Lionel Train Set with Tender 4 Cars Track Power Pack  Box
Lionel Train Set with Tender 4 Cars Track Power Pack Box
$350.00
Vintage 1950s O Scale Marx Tin New York Central NYC Tender Car
Vintage 1950s O Scale Marx Tin New York Central NYC Tender Car
$13.99
Lionel Postwar 242 Steam Locomotive w Coal Tender Car PLUS a Caboose
Lionel Postwar 242 Steam Locomotive w Coal Tender Car PLUS a Caboose
$39.00
New Opened RAILKING 30 7913 Northern Pacific Crane Tender Car
New Opened RAILKING 30 7913 Northern Pacific Crane Tender Car
$34.99
Vintage Brass O Gauge Model Train Engine Tender  Passenger car parts
Vintage Brass O Gauge Model Train Engine Tender Passenger car parts
$10.00
Vintage O Scale Marx New York Central Tender Car
Vintage O Scale Marx New York Central Tender Car
$16.00
LIONEL 784 B  A HUDSON 4 6 4 ENGINE TENDER  6 CARS
LIONEL 784 B A HUDSON 4 6 4 ENGINE TENDER 6 CARS
$849.14
PRE WAR MARX TRAIN New York Central LOCOMOTIVE  TENDER and cars
PRE WAR MARX TRAIN New York Central LOCOMOTIVE TENDER and cars
$45.88
Vintage LIONEL Postwar LIONEL LINES Whistle Tender Coal Car 6466WX No Mechanism
Vintage LIONEL Postwar LIONEL LINES Whistle Tender Coal Car 6466WX No Mechanism
$6.99
LIONEL  6175 FLAT CAR AND SLOPE BACK TENDER
LIONEL 6175 FLAT CAR AND SLOPE BACK TENDER
$10.75
Lionel Prewar 1681 Lionel Junior Steam Engine Tender and 4 Cars
Lionel Prewar 1681 Lionel Junior Steam Engine Tender and 4 Cars
$150.00
Vintage 1955 Wyandotte Railway Rail Lines Tin Wind Up Engine Tender Cars Train
Vintage 1955 Wyandotte Railway Rail Lines Tin Wind Up Engine Tender Cars Train
$99.00


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